What is hosting?

Hosting is a service that provides all the necessary resources to host a website or web application on a server. In turn, a site, including an application, is a set of files, and a server is a special computer for storing them, located on the Internet network 24 hours a day, thereby providing users with constant access to the information contained in the files. Thus, the website works continuously.
Hosting, like any service, has its quantitative and qualitative limitations. Quantitative restrictions include the following indicators:
  • the number of websites hosted under one account;
  • number of SSL certificates. Their function is to confirm the authenticity of the website and protect the user's confidential information by encryption in such a way that this information becomes unreadable for third parties;
  • disk quota, i.e. size of disk space allocated for user files;
  • number of FTP users — how many users have access to an account and can administer it (upload files to the server, update and edit them);
  • the number of E-Mail boxes and the allocated amount of disk space for mail;
  • the amount of monthly traffic — the amount of information passing through the network in one month;
  • the number of site databases and the corresponding amount of disk space;
  • number of MySQL (database management system);
  • number of concurrent processes per user;
  • the amount of random access memory (RAM) and the time limit that is allocated to the execution of each user process.
In turn, the quality indicators include:
  • free CPU and RAM resources, server performance depends on them;
  • the bandwidth of the Internet channel (Internet speed), which affects the download time of information;
  • the location of the hosting equipment relative to the site users, the remoteness of which affects data loading.
Hosting systems come in different types, each of which can better meet different user needs. And so, the following types of hosting are distinguished:
  1. Shared hosting (shared hosting) — when on one server there are many sites of different owners who have equal rights and responsibilities. Server resources are not unlimited and are evenly distributed over all web resources, so this type of hosting is suitable for small projects. And here you need to understand that if your site or its neighbor will “gain weight”, then everyone will suffer from this, since the performance of shared hosting can significantly decrease.
  2. Balanced VPS / VDS hosting (virtual dedicated server) — here disk space and resources are shared by several virtual machines, making them standalone and fixed. As a result, the user does not suffer from the amount of traffic of other people's Internet resources. Also, the owners have administrator rights, and can configure and install programs themselves.
  3. Dedicated hosting (dedicated server) is your completely personal server with a separate OS and software that you choose yourself to suit your needs.
  4. Cloud hosting is also a dedicated server, but it is not one. It uses multiple servers to balance the load and maximize uptime. In other words, if one of the servers fails, the other immediately replaces it.
Hosting not only makes it possible to host your site on the Internet, it also ensures the functioning of the site. Therefore, the better and better the hosting is done, the better the site works, and it will be easier for you to work with the content and its design. Buy Hosting .

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