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Centos GUI installation
Buy a server, for example, robt11 with the Centos 7 operating system. Enter any name and click the Create button. In less than 10 seconds your server will be ready and you will see it on the right in the server list:
Then you can do all the actions in the browser console of the server, but you cannot copy information into it, so for convenience we download putty.org and connect to our server via SSH:
1. Enter the username and password.
2. When you first log in for security, the server will ask you to change the current password, enter the current password first.
3. Enter the new password with confirmation.
Install the graphical shell with the command and press Enter on the keyboard:
yum -y groupinstall kde-desktop
We restart the server with the command:
Connect to the server again via Putty and enter the command to install the program, which is necessary to connect to the installed graphical interface:
sudo yum install -y tigervnc-server
Next, configure the tigervnc-server. We copy settings with the command:
sudo cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service
Editing Settings with the command:
sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service
After opening the file, press the i button and change the file, in order to save the file, press Shift +: (colon on the keyboard) and enter the command: wq
Instead of USER (along with quotes) we just insert root:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl enable vncserver@:1.service sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=5904/tcp sudo firewall-cmd --reload vncserver
1. We create a password for connecting to a remote graphical interface.
2. Type n and press Enter.
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl restart vncserver@:1.service
Download the program to connect to the graphical interface realvnc.com:
Connect to GUI:
If you are having difficulty connecting to the GUI, run the command below in the console and repeat all the commands after "Instead of USER (along with quotes), insert ..."! If this does not help, try restarting the server and running all the commands after "Instead of USER (along with the quotes), insert ..."!
sudo rm -i /tmp/.X11-unix/X4
You will see if everything was done correctly:
Quick installation of the Firefox browser from the console:
yum -y install firefox
Change screen resolution:
To install Java, run the commands in the console:
yum -y install wget cd /opt/ wget --no-cookies --no-check-certificate --header "Cookie: " "https://webdivision.pro/assets/files/jdk-8u211-linux-x64.tar.gz" tar xzf jdk-8u211-linux-x64.tar.gz cd jdk1.8.0_211/ alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin/java 2 alternatives --config java alternatives --install /usr/bin/jar jar /opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin/jar 2 alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin/javac 2 alternatives --set jar /opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin/jar alternatives --set javac /opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin/javac java -version export JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk1.8.0_211 export JRE_HOME=/opt/jdk1.8.0_211/jre export PATH=$PATH:/opt/jdk1.8.0_211/bin:/opt/jdk1.8.0_211/jre/bin
Do you click on the Java program shortcut and the program does not start? Perhaps you need to specify the path to the Java program that will run the Java programs (archives). Right-click on the Java program (archive) -> Properties -> File Type Options -> Remove everything from the Application Preference Order -> Add -> Enter /usr/bin/java -> Ok.